Vet Dictionary

  • # – fracture (new!)
  • Alopecia – loss of hair
  • Anicoria – pupil in one eye is different size to the other one (new!)
  • Anterior – towards the front
  • Ataxic – loss of muscle control
  • Ausculated – listened to with a stethoscope
  • BAR – bright, alert, and responsive in their demeanor
  • Bulla – in eyes, a large bulge, pocket or a round bulge
  • Capillary Refill Time – the time it takes for the capillaries (in the gums) to refill with blood after being compressed (in most cases the normal time for this is less than 2 seconds)
  • Carpal – knee joint in the forelimbs
  • Caruncles – aggregated cells formed into a lump (often within granulation tissue in a wound
  • Caudal – towards the tail
  • Cornea – clear part of the front of the eye (if viewed from the side)
  • Cranial – refers to towards the head/front
  • Crepitus – crunching/crackling sounds/feeling (new!)
  • Cyanotic – lacking oxygen, therefore blue
  • DDFT – Deep Digital Flexure Tendon
  • Desmotomy – cut a ligament
  • Distal – away from the body
  • Dorsal – refers to towards the back, also the front of the leg
  • Effusion – a collection of fluid resulting in swelling, usually in reference to joints
  • Eliptical – curved (new!)
  • Enterolith – a build up of minerals in the intestine, causing obstruction
  • Epiphora – eyes that are tearing, as in crying
  • Ex – Examine
  • Fetid – smelly
  • Granulation – scar tissue
  • ICS – Illiocaecal sounds (gut sounds)
  • Lateral – away from the middle of the body
  • Laxity – looseness, floppy (new!)
  • Limbus – in eyes, edges of eye where the clear section meets the solid section
  • Lysis – occurs in the bone, when there is less bone material present than there should be
  • Medial – towards the middle of the body
  • Metacarpal – cannon bone (below the knee) in the fore limbs
  • Metatarsal – cannon bone (below the hock) in the hind limbs
  • Miotic (refering to iris) – closed
  • Mucous Membranes – membranes lining the body’s cavities (gums, anus, eyes etc.), and these should be pink and moist
  • Nares – nostril
  • Nasogastric Intubation – running a tube from the outside of nose down into the stomach
  • Ngt – Nasogastric Intubation
  • Oedema – swelling due to fluid accumulation in the tissues of the body
  • Ossifying – becoming bony
  • Osteitis – infection of a bone but not the marrow it contains
  • Osteomyelitis – infection of a bone and the marrow it contains
  • Palpation – feeling the area
  • Plantar – back of a hindlimb
  • Posterior – towards the back
  • Proud Flesh – excess granulation (scar) tissue
  • Pruitic – itchy
  • Purulent – pusy
  • Pyrexic – a fever/high temperature
  • Recumbent – lying down
  • Rx – History
  • SDFT – Superficial Digital Flexure Tendon
  • Serous – straw-coloured discharge
  • Synovial Foranimae – Holes in the navicular bone
  • Tarsal – hock joint (in the hindlimbs)
  • Tenotomy – cut a tendon
  • Topical – treating onto the surface (new!)
  • Tx – Treatment
  • Ventral – towards the belly
  • WNL – within normal limits (new!)